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Full text of "Scientific Papers - Vi"

1917] PRESSURE DEVELOPED DURING COLLAPSE OF A SPHERICAL CAVITY 505 and if p be the density, the whole kinetic energy of the motion is (2) Again, if P be the pressure at infinity and R0 the initial value of R, the work done is . j; ii J. , -if) « TJ<)\ —5— (_K0' — IV). Q When we equate (2) and (3) we get ™ 2P fRns , •(3) .(4) expressing the velocity of the boundary in terms of the radius. Also, since U=dR/dt, • t== 2pr if /3 = R/R0. The time of collapse to a given fraction of the original radius is thus proportional to R0p^P~^, a result which might have been anticipated by a consideration of "dimensions." The time T of complete collapse is obtained by making /3 == 0 in (5). An equivalent expression is given by Besant, who refers to Cambridge Senate House Problems of 1847. Writing ft3 = z, we have /* 1 /QU/2 W M r 1 - I p~t \A}[>J ii _T/T \ —. * 7 Jo(l-/33)^~ hZ which may be expressed by means of F functions. Thus .........(6) According to (4) U increases without limit as R diminishes. This indefinite increase may be obviated if we introduce, instead of an internal pressure zero or constant, one which increases with sufficient rapidity. We may suppose such a pressure due to a permanent gas obedient to Boyle's law. Then, if the initial pressure be Q, the work of compression is 4>7rQRo8 log (R0/R), which is to be subtracted from (3). Hence a,nd U= 0 when (8) 2 denoting (as before) the ratio of volumes RS/R0S. Whatever be the (positive) yalue of Q, U comes again to zero before complete collapse, and if Q >P the first movement of the boundary is outwards. The boundary oscillates between bwo positions, of which one is the initial..............................(1)